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Sci. Signal., 15 September 2009
Vol. 2, Issue 88, p. ra54
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2000370]


Novel p47phox-Related Organizers Regulate Localized NADPH Oxidase 1 (Nox1) Activity

Davide Gianni1,2, Begoña Diaz3, Nicolas Taulet1,2, Bruce Fowler1,2, Sara A. Courtneidge3*, and Gary M. Bokoch1,2*

1 Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
2 Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
3 Tumor Microenvironment Program, The Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract: The mechanisms that determine localized formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through NADPH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase (Nox) family members in nonphagocytic cells are unknown. We show that the c-Src substrate proteins Tks4 (tyrosine kinase substrate with four SH3 domains) and Tks5 are functional members of a p47phox-related organizer superfamily. Tks proteins selectively support Nox1 and Nox3 (and not Nox2 and Nox4) activity in reconstituted cellular systems and interact with the NoxA1 activator protein through an Src homology 3 domain–mediated interaction. Endogenous Tks4 is required for Rac guanosine triphosphatase– and Nox1-dependent ROS production by DLD1 colon cancer cells. Our results are consistent with the Tks-mediated recruitment of Nox1 to invadopodia that form in DLD1 cells in a Tks- and Nox-dependent fashion. We propose that Tks organizers represent previously unrecognized members of an organizer superfamily that link Nox to localized ROS formation.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: bokoch{at} (G.M.B.) and courtneidge{at} (S.A.C.)

Citation: D. Gianni, B. Diaz, N. Taulet, B. Fowler, S. A. Courtneidge, G. M. Bokoch, Novel p47phox-Related Organizers Regulate Localized NADPH Oxidase 1 (Nox1) Activity. Sci. Signal. 2, ra54 (2009).

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