Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.

Subscribe

Logo for

J. Biol. Chem. 278 (40): 38699-38706

© 2003 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

The Polypeptide Chain-releasing Factor GSPT1/eRF3 Is Proteolytically Processed into an IAP-binding Protein*

Ramesh Hegde {ddagger}, Srinivasa M. Srinivasula {ddagger} §, Pinaki Datta {ddagger}, Muniswamy Madesh {ddagger}, Richard Wassell {ddagger}, ZhiJia Zhang {ddagger}, NaEun Cheong {ddagger}, Julie Nejmeh {ddagger}, Teresa Fernandes-Alnemri {ddagger}, Shin-ichi Hoshino ¶, and Emad S. Alnemri {ddagger} ||

{ddagger}Center for Apoptosis Research and the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Kimmel Cancer Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 and the Department of Physiological Chemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Abstract: Smac/Diablo and HtrA2/Omi are inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP)-binding proteins released from the mitochondria of human cells during apoptosis and regulate apoptosis by liberating caspases from IAP inhibition. Here we describe the identification of a proteolytically processed isoform of the polypeptide chain-releasing factor GSPT1/eRF3 protein, which functions in translation, as a new IAP-binding protein. In common with other IAP-binding proteins, the processed GSPT1 protein harbors a conserved N-terminal IAP-binding motif (AKPF). Additionally, processed GSPT1 interacts biochemically with IAPs and could promote caspase activation, IAP ubiquitination and apoptosis. The IAP-binding motif of the processed GSPT1 is absolutely required for these activities. Our findings are consistent with a model whereby processing of GSPT1 into the IAP-binding isoform could potentiate apoptosis by liberating caspases from IAP inhibition, or target IAPs and the processed GSPT1 for proteasome-mediated degradation.


Received for publication March 27, 2003. Revision received July 7, 2003.

* This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grants AG13487 and CA78890 (to E. S. A.). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

§ A special fellow of the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.

|| To whom correspondence should be addressed: Thomas Jefferson University, Kimmel Cancer Institute, Bluemle Life Sciences Building, Rm. 904, 233 S. 10th St., Philadelphia, PA 19107. Tel.: 215-503-4632; Fax: 215-923-1098; E-mail: E_Alnemri{at}lac.jci.tju.edu.


THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN CITED BY OTHER ARTICLES:
Specificity Profiling of Dual Specificity Phosphatase Vaccinia VH1-related (VHR) Reveals Two Distinct Substrate Binding Modes.
R. Luechapanichkul, X. Chen, H. A. Taha, S. Vyas, X. Guan, M. A. Freitas, C. M. Hadad, and D. Pei (2013)
J. Biol. Chem. 288, 6498-6510
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Monoclonal antibodies against human translation termination factor eRF3 and their utilization for sub-cellular localization of eRF3.
M.-M. Delage, S. Dutertre, R. Le Guevel, L. Frolova, and N. Berkova (2011)
J. Biochem. 150, 49-59
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Cross-Talk between RNA and Prions.
C. G. Crist and Y. Nakamura (2006)
J. Biochem. 140, 167-173
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis antagonism: strategies in cancer treatment..
H. H. Cheung, E. C. LaCasse, and R. G. Korneluk (2006)
Clin. Cancer Res. 12, 3238-3242
   Full Text »    PDF »
Transcriptional profiling of reporter genes used for molecular imaging of embryonic stem cell transplantation.
J. C. Wu, J. M. Spin, F. Cao, S. Lin, X. Xie, O. Gheysens, I. Y. Chen, A. Y. Sheikh, R. C. Robbins, A. Tsalenko, et al. (2006)
Physiol Genomics 25, 29-38
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Polyglycine expansions in eRF3/GSPT1 are associated with gastric cancer susceptibility.
M. Brito, J. Malta-Vacas, B. Carmona, C. Aires, P. Costa, A.P. Martins, S. Ramos, A.R. Conde, and C. Monteiro (2005)
Carcinogenesis 26, 2046-2049
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Involvement of Human Release Factors eRF3a and eRF3b in Translation Termination and Regulation of the Termination Complex Formation.
C. Chauvin, S. Salhi, C. Le Goff, W. Viranaicken, D. Diop, and O. Jean-Jean (2005)
Mol. Cell. Biol. 25, 5801-5811
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Differential expression of the eukaryotic release factor 3 (eRF3/GSPT1) according to gastric cancer histological types.
J Malta-Vacas, C Aires, P Costa, A R Conde, S Ramos, A P Martins, C Monteiro, and M Brito (2005)
J. Clin. Pathol. 58, 621-625
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Neutralization of Smac/Diablo by Inhibitors of Apoptosis (IAPs): A CASPASE-INDEPENDENT MECHANISM FOR APOPTOTIC INHIBITION.
J. C. Wilkinson, A. S. Wilkinson, F. L. Scott, R. A. Csomos, G. S. Salvesen, and C. S. Duckett (2004)
J. Biol. Chem. 279, 51082-51090
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
VIAF, a Conserved Inhibitor of Apoptosis (IAP)-interacting Factor That Modulates Caspase Activation.
J. C. Wilkinson, B. W. M. Richter, A. S. Wilkinson, E. Burstein, J. M. Rumble, B. Balliu, and C. S. Duckett (2004)
J. Biol. Chem. 279, 51091-51099
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Neuroprotective Role of the Reaper-Related Serine Protease HtrA2/Omi Revealed by Targeted Deletion in Mice.
L. M. Martins, A. Morrison, K. Klupsch, V. Fedele, N. Moisoi, P. Teismann, A. Abuin, E. Grau, M. Geppert, G. P. Livi, et al. (2004)
Mol. Cell. Biol. 24, 9848-9862
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Neuronal Apoptosis-inhibitory Protein Does Not Interact with Smac and Requires ATP to Bind Caspase-9.
J. Davoodi, L. Lin, J. Kelly, P. Liston, and A. E. MacKenzie (2004)
J. Biol. Chem. 279, 40622-40628
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Pro-apoptotic Proteins Released from the Mitochondria Regulate the Protein Composition and Caspase-processing Activity of the Native Apaf-1/Caspase-9 Apoptosome Complex.
D. Twiddy, D. G. Brown, C. Adrain, R. Jukes, S. J. Martin, G. M. Cohen, M. MacFarlane, and K. Cain (2004)
J. Biol. Chem. 279, 19665-19682
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
2003: Signaling Breakthroughs of the Year.
E. M. Adler, N. R. Gough, and L. B. Ray (2004)
Sci. STKE 2004, eg1
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »

To Advertise     Find Products


Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882