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Plant Physiology 139 (3): 1268-1283

Copyright © 2005 by the American Society of Plant Physiologists.


12-Oxo-Phytodienoic Acid Triggers Expression of a Distinct Set of Genes and Plays a Role in Wound-Induced Gene Expression in Arabidopsis1,[w]

Nozomi Taki, Yuko Sasaki-Sekimoto, Takeshi Obayashi, Akihiro Kikuta, Koichi Kobayashi, Takayuki Ainai, Kaori Yagi, Nozomu Sakurai, Hideyuki Suzuki, Tatsuru Masuda, Ken-ichiro Takamiya, Daisuke Shibata, Yuichi Kobayashi, and Hiroyuki Ohta*

Department of Bioscience, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226–8501, Japan (N.T., Y.S.-S., T.O., A.K., K.K., K.-i.T.); Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226–8501, Japan (T.A., K.Y., Y.K.); Kazusa DNA Research Institute, 2–6–7 Kazusa-kamatari, Kisarazu, Chiba 292–0812, Japan (N.S., H.S., D.S.); Department of General Systems Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3–8–1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153–8902, Japan (T.M.); and Department of Bioscience, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, and Research Center for the Evolving Earth and Planets, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226–8501, Japan (H.O.)

Abstract: Jasmonic acid (JA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA), collectively known as JAs, regulate diverse physiological processes in plants, including the response to wounding. Recent reports suggest that a cyclopentenone precursor of JA, 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA), can also induce gene expression. However, little is known about the physiological significance of OPDA-dependent gene expression. We used microarray analysis of approximately 21,500 Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genes to compare responses to JA, MeJA, and OPDA treatment. Although many genes responded identically to both OPDA and JAs, we identified a set of genes (OPDA-specific response genes [ORGs]) that specifically responded to OPDA but not to JAs. ORGs primarily encoded signaling components, transcription factors, and stress response-related genes. One-half of the ORGs were induced by wounding. Analysis using mutants deficient in the biosynthesis of JAs revealed that OPDA functions as a signaling molecule in the wounding response. Unlike signaling via JAs, OPDA signaling was CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1 independent. These results indicate that an OPDA signaling pathway functions independently of JA/MeJA signaling and is required for the wounding response in Arabidopsis.

1 This work was supported in part by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Japan (performed as part of the project Development of Fundamental Technologies for Controlling the Production of Industrial Materials by Plants).

The author responsible for distribution of materials integral to the findings presented in this article in accordance with the policy described in the Instructions for Authors ( is: Hiroyuki Ohta (

[w] The online version of this article contains Web-only data.

Article, publication date, and citation information can be found at

* Corresponding author; e-mail hohta{at}; fax 81–45–924–5823.

Received for publication June 11, 2005. Revision received August 31, 2005. Accepted for publication September 5, 2005.

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