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Science 296 (5573): 1697-1700

Copyright © 2002 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Control of Stomatal Distribution on the Arabidopsis Leaf Surface

Jeanette A. Nadeau, Fred D. Sack*

Stomata regulate gas exchange and are distributed across the leaf epidermis with characteristic spacing. Arabidopsis stomata are produced by asymmetric cell divisions. Mutations in the gene TOO MANY MOUTHS (TMM) disrupt patterning by randomizing the plane of formative asymmetric divisions and by permitting ectopic divisions. TMM encodes a leucine-rich repeat-containing receptor-like protein expressed in proliferative postprotodermal cells. TMM appears to function in a position-dependent signaling pathway that controls the plane of patterning divisions as well as the balance between stem cell renewal and differentiation in stomatal and epidermal development.

Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
*   To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: sack.1{at}

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