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Science 301 (5633): 653-657

Copyright © 2003 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Genome-Wide Insertional Mutagenesis of Arabidopsis thaliana

José M. Alonso,1* Anna N. Stepanova,1* Thomas J. Leisse,1 Christopher J. Kim,1 Huaming Chen,1 Paul Shinn,1 Denise K. Stevenson,1 Justin Zimmerman,1 Pascual Barajas,1 Rosa Cheuk,1 Carmelita Gadrinab,1 Collen Heller,1 Albert Jeske,1 Eric Koesema,1 Cristina C. Meyers,1 Holly Parker,1 Lance Prednis,1 Yasser Ansari,1 Nathan Choy,1 Hashim Deen,1 Michael Geralt,1 Nisha Hazari,1 Emily Hom,1 Meagan Karnes,1 Celene Mulholland,1 Ral Ndubaku,1 Ian Schmidt,1 Plinio Guzman,1 Laura Aguilar-Henonin,1 Markus Schmid,1{dagger} Detlef Weigel,1{dagger} David E. Carter,2 Trudy Marchand,2 Eddy Risseeuw,2 Debra Brogden,2 Albana Zeko,2 William L. Crosby,2 Charles C. Berry,3 Joseph R. Ecker1{ddagger}

Abstract: Over 225,000 independent Agrobacterium transferred DNA (T-DNA) insertion events in the genome of the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana have been created that represent near saturation of the gene space. The precise locations were determined for more than 88,000 T-DNA insertions, which resulted in the identification of mutations in more than 21,700 of the ~29,454 predicted Arabidopsis genes. Genome-wide analysis of the distribution of integration events revealed the existence of a large integration site bias at both the chromosome and gene levels. Insertion mutations were identified in genes that are regulated in response to the plant hormone ethylene.

1 Genomic Analysis Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
2 National Research Council Plant Biotechnology Institute, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 0W9 Canada.
3 Department of Family/Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA.

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* Present address: Department of Genetics, Box 7614, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.

{dagger} Present address: Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Spemannstrasse 37-39, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany.

{ddagger} To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ecker{at}

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SCFKMD controls cytokinin signaling by regulating the degradation of type-B response regulators.
H. J. Kim, Y.-H. Chiang, J. J. Kieber, and G. E. Schaller (2013)
PNAS 110, 10028-10033
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Phosphorylated Pathway of Serine Biosynthesis Is Essential Both for Male Gametophyte and Embryo Development and for Root Growth in Arabidopsis.
B. Cascales-Minana, J. Munoz-Bertomeu, M. Flores-Tornero, A. D. Anoman, J. Pertusa, M. Alaiz, S. Osorio, A. R. Fernie, J. Segura, and R. Ros (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 2084-2101
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
PIF4 and PIF5 Transcription Factors Link Blue Light and Auxin to Regulate the Phototropic Response in Arabidopsis.
J. Sun, L. Qi, Y. Li, Q. Zhai, and C. Li (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 2102-2114
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »

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