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Science 305 (5681): 212-216

Copyright © 2004 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Immune Therapy for Autoimmune Diseases

Lawrence Steinman

Abstract: Our increasing understanding of the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease has revealed a number of checkpoints that can be targeted with immune therapy, including key mediators of lymphocyte adhesion and migration, destructive cytokines involved in tissue damage, and the complex of molecules critical in the presentation of self-antigen and the activation of autoaggressive T lymphocytes. In many organ-specific autoimmune diseases, the identity of the molecules attacked by T cells and autoantibodies is known and attempts are under way to tolerize the immune system with a high level of specificity to these targets.

Department of Neurological Sciences and Neurology, and Interdepartmental Program in Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

E-mail: steinman{at}stanford.edu


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