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Science 309 (5732): 314-317

Copyright © 2005 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Generate Muscle Cells and Repair Muscle Degeneration

Mari Dezawa,1* Hiroto Ishikawa,1 Yutaka Itokazu,1 Tomoyuki Yoshihara,1 Mikio Hoshino,2 Shin-ichi Takeda,3 Chizuka Ide,1 Yo-ichi Nabeshima2

Abstract: Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) have great potential as therapeutic agents. We report a method for inducing skeletal muscle lineage cells from human and rat general adherent MSCs with an efficiency of 89%. Induced cells differentiated into muscle fibers upon transplantation into degenerated muscles of rats and mdx-nude mice. The induced population contained Pax7-positive cells that contributed to subsequent regeneration of muscle upon repetitive damage without additional transplantation of cells. These MSCs represent a more ready supply of myogenic cells than do the rare myogenic stem cells normally found in muscle and bone marrow.

1 Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshidakonoecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501 Japan.
2 Department of Pathology and Tumor Biology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshidakonoecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501 Japan.
3 Department of Molecular Therapy, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, 187-8502 Tokyo, Japan.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dezawa{at}

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