Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.

Subscribe

Logo for

Science 316 (5827): 1030-1033

Copyright © 2007 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

FT Protein Movement Contributes to Long-Distance Signaling in Floral Induction of Arabidopsis

Laurent Corbesier,1 Coral Vincent,1* Seonghoe Jang,1* Fabio Fornara,1 Qingzhi Fan,2 Iain Searle,1 Antonis Giakountis,1 Sara Farrona,1 Lionel Gissot,1 Colin Turnbull,2 George Coupland1{dagger}

Abstract: In plants, seasonal changes in day length are perceived in leaves, which initiate long-distance signaling that induces flowering at the shoot apex. The identity of the long-distance signal has yet to be determined. In Arabidopsis, activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcription in leaf vascular tissue (phloem) induces flowering. We found that FT messenger RNA is required only transiently in the leaf. In addition, FT fusion proteins expressed specifically in phloem cells move to the apex and move long distances between grafted plants. Finally, we provide evidence that FT does not activate an intermediate messenger in leaves. We conclude that FT protein acts as a long-distance signal that induces Arabidopsis flowering.

1 Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D-50829 Cologne, Germany.
2 Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Wye Campus, Wye, Kent TN25 5AH, UK.

* These authors contributed equally to this work.

{dagger} To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: coupland{at}mpiz-koeln.mpg.de


THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN CITED BY OTHER ARTICLES:
The embryonic shoot: a lifeline through winter.
C. van der Schoot, L. K. Paul, and P. L. H. Rinne (2014)
J. Exp. Bot. 65, 1699-1712
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Transcription factor-mediated cell-to-cell signalling in plants.
X. Han, D. Kumar, H. Chen, S. Wu, and J.-Y. Kim (2014)
J. Exp. Bot. 65, 1737-1749
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The angiosperm phloem sieve tube system: a role in mediating traits important to modern agriculture.
B.-K. Ham and W. J. Lucas (2014)
J. Exp. Bot. 65, 1799-1816
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Intertissue Signal Transfer of Abscisic Acid from Vascular Cells to Guard Cells.
T. Kuromori, E. Sugimoto, and K. Shinozaki (2014)
Plant Physiology 164, 1587-1592
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Molecular control of seasonal flowering in rice, arabidopsis and temperate cereals.
R. Shrestha, J. Gomez-Ariza, V. Brambilla, and F. Fornara (2014)
Ann. Bot.
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Arguments in the evo-devo debate: say it with flowers!.
S. D. Pina, E. Souer, and R. Koes (2014)
J. Exp. Bot.
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
A dark-light transition triggers expression of the floral promoter CrFTL1 and downregulates CONSTANS-like genes in a short-day plant Chenopodium rubrum.
J. Drabešova, D. Chab, J. Kolař, K. Haškovcova, and H. Štorchova (2014)
J. Exp. Bot.
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The time of day effects of warm temperature on flowering time involve PIF4 and PIF5.
B. C. Thines, Y. Youn, M. I. Duarte, and F. G. Harmon (2014)
J. Exp. Bot. 65, 1141-1151
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Structural Features Determining Flower-Promoting Activity of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T.
W. W. H. Ho and D. Weigel (2014)
PLANT CELL 26, 552-564
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Photoperiodic Control of Carbon Distribution during the Floral Transition in Arabidopsis.
M. I. Ortiz-Marchena, T. Albi, E. Lucas-Reina, F. E. Said, F. J. Romero-Campero, B. Cano, M. T. Ruiz, J. M. Romero, and F. Valverde (2014)
PLANT CELL 26, 565-584
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Interaction of Photoperiod and Vernalization Determines Flowering Time of Brachypodium distachyon.
T. S. Ream, D. P. Woods, C. J. Schwartz, C. P. Sanabria, J. A. Mahoy, E. M. Walters, H. F. Kaeppler, and R. M. Amasino (2014)
Plant Physiology 164, 694-709
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
MicroRNA156: A Potential Graft-Transmissible MicroRNA That Modulates Plant Architecture and Tuberization in Solanum tuberosum ssp. andigena.
S. Bhogale, A. S. Mahajan, B. Natarajan, M. Rajabhoj, H. V. Thulasiram, and A. K. Banerjee (2014)
Plant Physiology 164, 1011-1027
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Mathematical Models Light Up Plant Signaling.
Y. H. Chew, R. W. Smith, H. J. Jones, D. D. Seaton, R. Grima, and K. J. Halliday (2014)
PLANT CELL 26, 5-20
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Gated communities: apoplastic and symplastic signals converge at plasmodesmata to control cell fates.
Y. Stahl and R. Simon (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 5237-5241
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The regulation of seasonal flowering in the Rosaceae.
T. Kurokura, N. Mimida, N. H. Battey, and T. Hytonen (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 4131-4141
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Phloem transport: a review of mechanisms and controls.
V. De Schepper, T. De Swaef, I. Bauweraerts, and K. Steppe (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 4839-4850
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Regulation of FLOWERING LOCUS T by a MicroRNA in Brachypodium distachyon.
L. Wu, D. Liu, J. Wu, R. Zhang, Z. Qin, D. Liu, A. Li, D. Fu, W. Zhai, and L. Mao (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 4363-4377
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Exogenous Gibberellins Induce Wheat Spike Development under Short Days Only in the Presence of VERNALIZATION1.
S. Pearce, L. S. Vanzetti, and J. Dubcovsky (2013)
Plant Physiology 163, 1433-1445
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
FLOWERING LOCUS T/TERMINAL FLOWER1-Like Genes Affect Growth Rhythm and Bud Set in Norway Spruce.
A. Karlgren, N. Gyllenstrand, D. Clapham, and U. Lagercrantz (2013)
Plant Physiology 163, 792-803
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
A New Set of Reversibly Photoswitchable Fluorescent Proteins for Use in Transgenic Plants.
M. Lummer, F. Humpert, M. Wiedenlubbert, M. Sauer, M. Schuttpelz, and D. Staiger (2013)
Mol Plant 6, 1518-1530
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Fragaria vesca Homolog of SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1 Represses Flowering and Promotes Vegetative Growth.
K. Mouhu, T. Kurokura, E. A. Koskela, V. A. Albert, P. Elomaa, and T. Hytonen (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 3296-3310
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Turned on by heat: differential expression of FT and LFY-like genes in Narcissus tazetta during floral transition.
T. Noy-Porat, D. Cohen, D. Mathew, A. Eshel, R. Kamenetsky, and M. A. Flaishman (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 3273-3284
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Cross-Repressive Interactions between SOC1 and the GATAs GNC and GNL/CGA1 in the Control of Greening, Cold Tolerance, and Flowering Time in Arabidopsis.
R. Richter, E. Bastakis, and C. Schwechheimer (2013)
Plant Physiology 162, 1992-2004
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Acceleration of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana by Cape Verde Islands alleles of FLOWERING H is dependent on the floral promoter FD.
N. Seedat, A. Dinsdale, E. K. Ong, and A. R. Gendall (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 2767-2778
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
TWIN SISTER OF FT, GIGANTEA, and CONSTANS Have a Positive But Indirect Effect on Blue Light-Induced Stomatal Opening in Arabidopsis.
E. Ando, M. Ohnishi, Y. Wang, T. Matsushita, A. Watanabe, Y. Hayashi, M. Fujii, J. F. Ma, S.-i. Inoue, and T. Kinoshita (2013)
Plant Physiology 162, 1529-1538
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
GIGANTEA Enables Drought Escape Response via Abscisic Acid-Dependent Activation of the Florigens and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1.
M. Riboni, M. Galbiati, C. Tonelli, and L. Conti (2013)
Plant Physiology 162, 1706-1719
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Changes in CsFT Transcript Abundance at the Onset of Low-temperature Floral Induction in Sweet Orange.
E. J. Chica and L. G. Albrigo (2013)
J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 138, 184-189
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Coincidence of Critical Day Length Recognition for Florigen Gene Expression and Floral Transition under Long-Day Conditions in Rice.
H. Itoh and T. Izawa (2013)
Mol Plant 6, 635-649
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Generation and analysis of a complete mutant set for the Arabidopsis FT/TFL1 family shows specific effects on thermo-sensitive flowering regulation.
W. Kim, T. I. Park, S. J. Yoo, A. R. Jun, and J. H. Ahn (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 1715-1729
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
BRANCHED1 Interacts with FLOWERING LOCUS T to Repress the Floral Transition of the Axillary Meristems in Arabidopsis.
M. Niwa, Y. Daimon, K.-i. Kurotani, A. Higo, J. L. Pruneda-Paz, G. Breton, N. Mitsuda, S. A. Kay, M. Ohme-Takagi, M. Endo, et al. (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 1228-1242
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Expression of Flower Promoting Genes in Sweet Orange during Floral Inductive Water Deficits.
E. J. Chica and L. G. Albrigo (2013)
J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 138, 88-94
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Interlocking Feedback Loops Govern the Dynamic Behavior of the Floral Transition in Arabidopsis.
K. E. Jaeger, N. Pullen, S. Lamzin, R. J. Morris, and P. A. Wigge (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 820-833
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Florigen Genes FT and TSF Modulate Lateral Shoot Outgrowth in Arabidopsis thaliana.
K. Hiraoka, A. Yamaguchi, M. Abe, and T. Araki (2013)
Plant Cell Physiol. 54, 352-368
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Grass Meristems I: Shoot Apical Meristem Maintenance, Axillary Meristem Determinacy and the Floral Transition.
M. Pautler, W. Tanaka, H.-Y. Hirano, and D. Jackson (2013)
Plant Cell Physiol. 54, 302-312
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Functional Diversification of FD Transcription Factors in Rice, Components of Florigen Activation Complexes.
H. Tsuji, H. Nakamura, K.-i. Taoka, and K. Shimamoto (2013)
Plant Cell Physiol. 54, 385-397
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Regulation of Flowering by Trehalose-6-Phosphate Signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana.
V. Wahl, J. Ponnu, A. Schlereth, S. Arrivault, T. Langenecker, A. Franke, R. Feil, J. E. Lunn, M. Stitt, and M. Schmid (2013)
Science 339, 704-707
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Genetic Control and Comparative Genomic Analysis of Flowering Time in Setaria (Poaceae).
M. Mauro-Herrera, X. Wang, H. Barbier, T. P. Brutnell, K. M. Devos, and A. N. Doust (2013)
g3 3, 283-295
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Flowering retardation by high temperature in chrysanthemums: involvement of FLOWERING LOCUS T-like 3 gene repression.
Y. Nakano, Y. Higuchi, K. Sumitomo, and T. Hisamatsu (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 909-920
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
FT-Like NFT1 Gene May Play a Role in Flower Transition Induced by Heat Accumulation in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis.
X.-F. Li, L.-Y. Jia, J. Xu, X.-J. Deng, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X.-P. Zhang, Q. Fang, D.-M. Zhang, Y. Sun, et al. (2013)
Plant Cell Physiol. 54, 270-281
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The WD40-Repeat Proteins NFC101 and NFC102 Regulate Different Aspects of Maize Development through Chromatin Modification.
I. Mascheretti, R. Battaglia, D. Mainieri, A. Altana, M. Lauria, and V. Rossi (2013)
PLANT CELL 25, 404-420
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Flowering induction in the bioenergy grass Miscanthus sacchariflorus is a quantitative short-day response, whilst delayed flowering under long days increases biomass accumulation.
E. Jensen, P. Robson, J. Norris, A. Cookson, K. Farrar, I. Donnison, and J. Clifton-Brown (2013)
J. Exp. Bot. 64, 541-552
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Cotyledons Produce Sufficient FT Protein to Induce Flowering: Evidence from Cotyledon Micrografting in Arabidopsis.
S. J. Yoo, S. M. Hong, H. S. Jung, and J. H. Ahn (2013)
Plant Cell Physiol. 54, 119-128
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Regulates Arabidopsis Flowering by Mediating CONSTANS Degradation Under Cold Stress.
J.-H. Jung, P. J. Seo, and C.-M. Park (2012)
J. Biol. Chem. 287, 43277-43287
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Promiscuous Life of Plant NUCLEAR FACTOR Y Transcription Factors.
K. Petroni, R. W. Kumimoto, N. Gnesutta, V. Calvenzani, M. Fornari, C. Tonelli, B. F. Holt III, and R. Mantovani (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 4777-4792
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Spatial control of flowering by DELLA proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana.
V. C. Galvao, D. Horrer, F. Kuttner, and M. Schmid (2012)
Development 139, 4072-4082
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Florigenic and Antiflorigenic Signaling in Plants.
I. G. Matsoukas, A. J. Massiah, and B. Thomas (2012)
Plant Cell Physiol. 53, 1827-1842
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Regulates Low Ambient Temperature-Responsive Flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana.
J. H. Lee, J. J. Kim, S. H. Kim, H. J. Cho, J. Kim, and J. H. Ahn (2012)
Plant Cell Physiol. 53, 1802-1814
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Transcript and metabolite signature of maize source leaves suggests a link between transitory starch to sucrose balance and the autonomous floral transition.
V. Coneva, D. Guevara, S. J. Rothstein, and J. Colasanti (2012)
J. Exp. Bot. 63, 5079-5092
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Characterization of SOC1's Central Role in Flowering by the Identification of Its Upstream and Downstream Regulators.
R. G. H. Immink, D. Pose, S. Ferrario, F. Ott, K. Kaufmann, F. L. Valentim, S. de Folter, F. van der Wal, A. D. J. van Dijk, M. Schmid, et al. (2012)
Plant Physiology 160, 433-449
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Vernalization - a cold-induced epigenetic switch.
J. Song, A. Angel, M. Howard, and C. Dean (2012)
J. Cell Sci. 125, 3723-3731
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Positional cloning and characterization reveal the molecular basis for soybean maturity locus E1 that regulates photoperiodic flowering.
Z. Xia, S. Watanabe, T. Yamada, Y. Tsubokura, H. Nakashima, H. Zhai, T. Anai, S. Sato, T. Yamazaki, S. Lu, et al. (2012)
PNAS 109, E2155-E2164
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Phytochrome-Interacting VASCULAR PLANT ONE-ZINC FINGER1 and VOZ2 Redundantly Regulate Flowering in Arabidopsis.
Y. Yasui, K. Mukougawa, M. Uemoto, A. Yokofuji, R. Suzuri, A. Nishitani, and T. Kohchi (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 3248-3263
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Gibberellin Regulates the Arabidopsis Floral Transition through miR156-Targeted SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING-LIKE Transcription Factors.
S. Yu, V. C. Galvao, Y.-C. Zhang, D. Horrer, T.-Q. Zhang, Y.-H. Hao, Y.-Q. Feng, S. Wang, M. Schmid, and J.-W. Wang (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 3320-3332
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Histone Methyltransferase SDG724 Mediates H3K36me2/3 Deposition at MADS50 and RFT1 and Promotes Flowering in Rice.
C. Sun, J. Fang, T. Zhao, B. Xu, F. Zhang, L. Liu, J. Tang, G. Zhang, X. Deng, F. Chen, et al. (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 3235-3247
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Coordination of Plastid and Light Signaling Pathways upon Development of Arabidopsis Leaves under Various Photoperiods.
A. Lepisto and E. Rintamaki (2012)
Mol Plant 5, 799-816
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Mutation in TERMINAL FLOWER1 Reverses the Photoperiodic Requirement for Flowering in the Wild Strawberry Fragaria vesca.
E. A. Koskela, K. Mouhu, M. C. Albani, T. Kurokura, M. Rantanen, D. J. Sargent, N. H. Battey, G. Coupland, P. Elomaa, and T. Hytonen (2012)
Plant Physiology 159, 1043-1054
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Spatially distinct regulatory roles for gibberellins in the promotion of flowering of Arabidopsis under long photoperiods.
A. Porri, S. Torti, M. Romera-Branchat, and G. Coupland (2012)
Development 139, 2198-2209
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Graft-union development: a delicate process that involves cell-cell communication between scion and stock for local auxin accumulation.
H. Yin, B. Yan, J. Sun, P. Jia, Z. Zhang, X. Yan, J. Chai, Z. Ren, G. Zheng, and H. Liu (2012)
J. Exp. Bot. 63, 4219-4232
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Identification of lipids and lipid-binding proteins in phloem exudates from Arabidopsis thaliana.
B. S. Guelette, U. F. Benning, and S. Hoffmann-Benning (2012)
J. Exp. Bot. 63, 3603-3616
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
From Bench to Bountiful Harvests: A Road Map for the Next Decade of Arabidopsis Research.
I. Lavagi, M. Estelle, W. Weckwerth, J. Beynon, and R. M. Bastow (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 2240-2247
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Mutation at the circadian clock gene EARLY MATURITY 8 adapts domesticated barley (Hordeum vulgare) to short growing seasons.
S. Faure, A. S. Turner, D. Gruszka, V. Christodoulou, S. J. Davis, M. von Korff, and D. A. Laurie (2012)
PNAS 109, 8328-8333
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Inflorescence Meristem Identity in Rice Is Specified by Overlapping Functions of Three AP1/FUL-Like MADS Box Genes and PAP2, a SEPALLATA MADS Box Gene.
K. Kobayashi, N. Yasuno, Y. Sato, M. Yoda, R. Yamazaki, M. Kimizu, H. Yoshida, Y. Nagamura, and J. Kyozuka (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 1848-1859
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The microRNA156-SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE3 Module Regulates Ambient Temperature-Responsive Flowering via FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis.
J. J. Kim, J. H. Lee, W. Kim, H. S. Jung, P. Huijser, and J. H. Ahn (2012)
Plant Physiology 159, 461-478
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Arabidopsis E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Negatively Regulates CONSTANS Abundance in the Photoperiodic Control of Flowering.
A. Lazaro, F. Valverde, M. Pineiro, and J. A. Jarillo (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 982-999
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Phototropins But Not Cryptochromes Mediate the Blue Light-Specific Promotion of Stomatal Conductance, While Both Enhance Photosynthesis and Transpiration under Full Sunlight.
H. E. Boccalandro, C. V. Giordano, E. L. Ploschuk, P. N. Piccoli, R. Bottini, and J. J. Casal (2012)
Plant Physiology 158, 1475-1484
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
FLOWERING BHLH transcriptional activators control expression of the photoperiodic flowering regulator CONSTANS in Arabidopsis.
S. Ito, Y. H. Song, A. R. Josephson-Day, R. J. Miller, G. Breton, R. G. Olmstead, and T. Imaizumi (2012)
PNAS 109, 3582-3587
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Genome-wide mapping of transcription factor binding reveals developmental process integration and a fresh look at evolutionary dynamics.
L. Yant (2012)
Am. J. Botany 99, 277-290
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
CsFTL3, a chrysanthemum FLOWERING LOCUS T-like gene, is a key regulator of photoperiodic flowering in chrysanthemums.
A. Oda, T. Narumi, T. Li, T. Kando, Y. Higuchi, K. Sumitomo, S. Fukai, and T. Hisamatsu (2012)
J. Exp. Bot. 63, 1461-1477
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Analysis of the Arabidopsis Shoot Meristem Transcriptome during Floral Transition Identifies Distinct Regulatory Patterns and a Leucine-Rich Repeat Protein That Promotes Flowering.
S. Torti, F. Fornara, C. Vincent, F. Andres, K. Nordstrom, U. Gobel, D. Knoll, H. Schoof, and G. Coupland (2012)
PLANT CELL 24, 444-462
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
CRYPTIC PRECOCIOUS/MED12 is a Novel Flowering Regulator with Multiple Target Steps in Arabidopsis.
Y. Imura, Y. Kobayashi, S. Yamamoto, M. Furutani, M. Tasaka, M. Abe, and T. Araki (2012)
Plant Cell Physiol. 53, 287-303
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
The Molecular Basis of Vernalization in Different Plant Groups.
T. S. Ream, D. P. Woods, and R. M. Amasino (2012)
Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 77, 105-115
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Genetic control of biennial bearing in apple.
B. Guitton, J.-J. Kelner, R. Velasco, S. E. Gardiner, D. Chagne, and E. Costes (2012)
J. Exp. Bot. 63, 131-149
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
EDL3 is an F-box protein involved in the regulation of abscisic acid signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana.
P. Koops, S. Pelser, M. Ignatz, C. Klose, K. Marrocco-Selden, and T. Kretsch (2011)
J. Exp. Bot. 62, 5547-5560
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
ZCN8 encodes a potential orthologue of Arabidopsis FT florigen that integrates both endogenous and photoperiod flowering signals in maize.
C. M. Lazakis, V. Coneva, and J. Colasanti (2011)
J. Exp. Bot. 62, 4833-4842
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Phytoplasma Effector SAP54 Induces Indeterminate Leaf-Like Flower Development in Arabidopsis Plants.
A. M. MacLean, A. Sugio, O. V. Makarova, K. C. Findlay, V. M. Grieve, R. Toth, M. Nicolaisen, and S. A. Hogenhout (2011)
Plant Physiology 157, 831-841
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Stress tolerance to stress escape in plants: role of the OXS2 zinc-finger transcription factor family.
R. Blanvillain, S. Wei, P. Wei, J. H. Kim, and D. W. Ow (2011)
EMBO J. 30, 3812-3822
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
A Wheat Homolog of MOTHER OF FT AND TFL1 Acts in the Regulation of Germination.
S. Nakamura, F. Abe, H. Kawahigashi, K. Nakazono, A. Tagiri, T. Matsumoto, S. Utsugi, T. Ogawa, H. Handa, H. Ishida, et al. (2011)
PLANT CELL 23, 3215-3229
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Research on Orchid Biology and Biotechnology.
Y.-Y. Hsiao, Z.-J. Pan, C.-C. Hsu, Y.-P. Yang, Y.-C. Hsu, Y.-C. Chuang, H.-H. Shih, W.-H. Chen, W.-C. Tsai, and H.-H. Chen (2011)
Plant Cell Physiol. 52, 1467-1486
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Arabidopsis TERMINAL FLOWER1 Is Involved in the Regulation of Flowering Time and Inflorescence Development through Transcriptional Repression.
S. Hanano and K. Goto (2011)
PLANT CELL 23, 3172-3184
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »

To Advertise     Find Products


Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882