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Science 316 (5828): 1160-1166

Copyright © 2007 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

ATM and ATR Substrate Analysis Reveals Extensive Protein Networks Responsive to DNA Damage

Shuhei Matsuoka,1 Bryan A. Ballif,2* Agata Smogorzewska,1,3{dagger} E. Robert McDonald, III,1{dagger} Kristen E. Hurov,1{dagger} Ji Luo,1{dagger} Corey E. Bakalarski,2 Zhenming Zhao,1 Nicole Solimini,1 Yaniv Lerenthal,4 Yosef Shiloh,4 Steven P. Gygi,2{ddagger} Stephen J. Elledge1{ddagger}

Abstract: Cellular responses to DNA damage are mediated by a number of protein kinases, including ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) and ATR (ATM and Rad3-related). The outlines of the signal transduction portion of this pathway are known, but little is known about the physiological scope of the DNA damage response (DDR). We performed a large-scale proteomic analysis of proteins phosphorylated in response to DNA damage on consensus sites recognized by ATM and ATR and identified more than 900 regulated phosphorylation sites encompassing over 700 proteins. Functional analysis of a subset of this data set indicated that this list is highly enriched for proteins involved in the DDR. This set of proteins is highly interconnected, and we identified a large number of protein modules and networks not previously linked to the DDR. This database paints a much broader landscape for the DDR than was previously appreciated and opens new avenues of investigation into the responses to DNA damage in mammals.

1 Department of Genetics and Center for Genetics and Genomics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
2 Department of Cell Biology and Taplin Biological Mass Spectrometry Facility, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
3 Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02214, USA.
4 Department of Human Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.

* Present address: Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.

{dagger} These authors contributed equally to this work.

{ddagger} To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: selledge{at}genetics.med.harvard.edu, steven_gygi{at}hms.harvard.edu


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J. A. Daniel, M. Pellegrini, B.-S. Lee, Z. Guo, D. Filsuf, N. V. Belkina, Z. You, T. T. Paull, B. P. Sleckman, L. Feigenbaum, et al. (2012)
J. Cell Biol. 198, 295-304
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The ATM protein: The importance of being active.
Y. Shiloh and Y. Ziv (2012)
J. Cell Biol. 198, 273-275
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Disease severity in a mouse model of ataxia telangiectasia is modulated by the DNA damage checkpoint gene Hus1.
G. Balmus, M. Zhu, S. Mukherjee, A. M. Lyndaker, K. R. Hume, J. Lee, M. L. Riccio, A. P. Reeves, N. B. Sutter, D. M. Noden, et al. (2012)
Hum. Mol. Genet. 21, 3408-3420
   Abstract »    Full Text »    PDF »
Omcg1 is critically required for mitosis in rapidly dividing mouse intestinal progenitors and embryonic stem cells.
T. Leguillier, S. Vandormael-Pournin, J. Artus, M. Houlard, C. Picard, F. Bernex, S. Robine, and M. Cohen-Tannoudji (2012)
Biology Open 1, 648-657
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Homologous recombination and its regulation.
L. Krejci, V. Altmannova, M. Spirek, and X. Zhao (2012)
Nucleic Acids Res. 40, 5795-5818
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Regulation of DNA cross-link repair by the Fanconi anemia/BRCA pathway.
H. Kim and A. D. D'Andrea (2012)
Genes & Dev. 26, 1393-1408
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