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Science 317 (5838): 666-670

Copyright © 2007 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Monitoring of Blood Vessels and Tissues by a Population of Monocytes with Patrolling Behavior

Cedric Auffray,1 Darin Fogg,1 Meriem Garfa,1 Gaelle Elain,1 Olivier Join-Lambert,2,3 Samer Kayal,1,2,3 Sabine Sarnacki,2,3 Ana Cumano,4 Gregoire Lauvau,5 Frederic Geissmann1,2,3*

Abstract: The cellular immune response to tissue damage and infection requires the recruitment of blood leukocytes. This process is mediated through a classical multistep mechanism, which involves transient rolling on the endothelium and recognition of inflammation followed by extravasation. We have shown, by direct examination of blood monocyte functions in vivo, that a subset of monocytes patrols healthy tissues through long-range crawling on the resting endothelium. This patrolling behavior depended on the integrin LFA-1 and the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 and was required for rapid tissue invasion at the site of an infection by this "resident" monocyte population, which initiated an early immune response and differentiated into macrophages.

1 Institut Nationale de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U838, Laboratory of Biology of the Mononuclear Phagocyte System, and Cellular and Molecular imaging core facility, Institut Fédératif de Recherche Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.
2 University Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.
3 Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, AP-HP, Paris, France.
4 INSERM U668, Unité de Développement des Lymphocytes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
5 INSERM E03-44, Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Nice, France.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: geissmann{at}

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Y. Wang, S. Wang, W. G. Wier, Q. Zhang, H. Jiang, Q. Li, S. Chen, Z. Tian, Y. Li, X. Yu, et al. (2010)
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 299, H2097-H2106
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LFA-1 and Mac-1 Define Characteristically Different Intralumenal Crawling and Emigration Patterns for Monocytes and Neutrophils In Situ.
R. Sumagin, H. Prizant, E. Lomakina, R. E. Waugh, and I. H. Sarelius (2010)
J. Immunol. 185, 7057-7066
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Nomenclature of monocytes and dendritic cells in blood.
L. Ziegler-Heitbrock, P. Ancuta, S. Crowe, M. Dalod, V. Grau, D. N. Hart, P. J. M. Leenen, Y.-J. Liu, G. MacPherson, G. J. Randolph, et al. (2010)
Blood 116, e74-e80
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Regulation of monocyte subset systemic levels by distinct chemokine receptors controls post-ischaemic neovascularization.
C. Cochain, M. P. Rodero, J. Vilar, A. Recalde, A. L. Richart, C. Loinard, Y. Zouggari, C. Guerin, M. Duriez, B. Combadiere, et al. (2010)
Cardiovasc Res 88, 186-195
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A chemotactic gradient sequestered on endothelial heparan sulfate induces directional intraluminal crawling of neutrophils.
S. Massena, G. Christoffersson, E. Hjertstrom, E. Zcharia, I. Vlodavsky, N. Ausmees, C. Rolny, J.-P. Li, and M. Phillipson (2010)
Blood 116, 1924-1931
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