Sci. Signal., 26 February 2008
Cell Biology Tau and Microtubule Motors
Stella M. Hurtley
Science, AAAS, Cambridge CB2 1LQ, UK
The microtubule-associated protein tau is implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimers disease, but neither its normal nor its pathological role are well understood. Microtubules in cells are densely coated with microtubule-associated proteins, including tau, and Dixit et al. wanted to learn how motor proteins navigate on coated microtubules. The authors incorporated several isoforms and truncations of tau in a cell-free assay to build a complex system mimicking the cell environment. Encounters between individual motor proteins and tau on microtubules were observed directly, which revealed dramatic differences between the effects of tau on the motility of two microtubule-based motors, dynein versus kinesin. It appears likely that tau can spatially regulate the balance of microtubule-dependent axonal transport in neurons.
Citation: S. M. Hurtley, Tau and Microtubule Motors. Sci. Signal. 1, ec77 (2008).
Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882