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Sci. Signal., 25 August 2009
Vol. 2, Issue 85, p. pe53
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.285pe53]

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Controlling the Number of Tooth Rows

Marja L. Mikkola*

Developmental Biology Program, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract: The organization and renewal capacity of teeth vary greatly among vertebrates. Mammals have only one row of teeth that are renewed at most once, whereas many nonmammalian species have multirowed dentitions and show remarkable capacity to replace their teeth throughout life. Although knowledge on the genetic basis of tooth morphogenesis has increased exponentially over the past 20 years, little is known about the molecular mechanisms controlling sequential initiation of multiple tooth rows or restricting tooth development to one row in mammals. Mouse genetics has revealed a pivotal role for the transcription factor Osr2 in this process. Loss of Osr2 caused expansion of the expression domain of Bmp4, a well-known activator of tooth development, leading to the induction of supernumerary teeth in a manner resembling the initiation of a second tooth row in nonmammalian species.

* Corresponding author. E-mail, marja.mikkola{at}helsinki.fi; telephone, +358-9-19159344; fax, +358-9-19159560

Citation: M. L. Mikkola, Controlling the Number of Tooth Rows. Sci. Signal. 2, pe53 (2009).

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THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN CITED BY OTHER ARTICLES:
YAP Overexpression Affects Tooth Morphogenesis and Enamel Knot Patterning.
M. Liu, S. Zhao, and X.- P. Wang (2014)
Journal of Dental Research 93, 469-474
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