Sci. STKE, 23 April 2002
Translation Control Nck-1 Couples Insulin to Translation Control
Nck-1 is a scaffolding protein thought to link substrate proteins to the insulin receptor. Kebache et al. conducted a yeast two-hybrid screen for proteins that interacted with the SH3 (Src-homology 3) domains of Nck-1 and turned up eukayotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2β). Like eIF2α, which is regulated by phosphorylation, eIF2β takes part in the initiation of translation, but regulation of eIF2β had not been described. Nck-1 and eIF2β were immunoprecipitated together to form ribosome-enriched preparations from human cell lines; treatment of cells with insulin enhanced the association of Nck-1 with ribosomal subunits. Overexpression of Nck-1 enhanced both Cap-dependent and Cap-independent translation through IRES (internal ribosome entry site) elements. Thus, Nck appears to have roles both early in insulin signaling at the receptor and further downstream in control of protein complexes that initiate translation.
Citation: Nck-1 Couples Insulin to Translation Control. Sci. STKE 2002, tw154 (2002).
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