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Sci. STKE, 10 September 2002
Vol. 2002, Issue 149, p. tw336
[DOI: 10.1126/stke.2002.149.tw336]

EDITORS' CHOICE

Immunology Another Adaptor in the T Cell Receptor Orchestra: CARMA1

Two groups report the importance of a membrane-associated guanylate like kinase (MAGUK) domain-containing protein (CARMA1) in the activation of the transcription factor NF-{kappa}B in response to T cell receptor (TCR) ligation. Wang et al. isolated CARMA1 in a somatic mutagenesis screen of T cell lines with a selective defect in NF-{kappa}B signaling. Expression of activated protein kinase c {theta} (PKC {theta}), the adaptor Bcl10, or the MALTI protein did not restore NF-{kappa}B signaling. Expression of CARMA1, which is an adaptor protein and has a caspase recruitment domain (CARD), a PDZ domain, an SH3 domain, and the guanlyate kinase-like domain, restored NF-{kappa}B signaling. Coexpression experiments in human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) cells with various combinations of CARMA1, PKC {theta}, and BCL10 suggested that CARMA1 may serve to promote the PCK {theta} -induced phosphorylation of Bcl10. Gaide et al. determined that, in T cells, a population of CARMA1 was constitutively associated with detergent-insoluble domains, called lipid rafts, and that the interaction between CARMA1 and the TCR and CARMA1 and Bcl10 was stimulated upon TCR ligation. A mutant version of CARMA1 that could not interact with Bcl10 selectively inhibited TCR-stimulated NF-{kappa}B signaling in T cells. The results from these two groups suggest that CARMA1 may serve as a selective adaptor to specifically direct the activated TCR signal to NF-{kappa}B. The potential therapeutic importance of these results for the development of immunosuppressive drugs is discussed by Wallach.

D. Wang, Y. You, S. M. Case, L. M. McAllister-Lucas, L. Wang, P. S. DiStefano, G. Nuñez, J. Bertin, X. Lin, A requirement for CARMA1 in TCR-induced NF-{kappa}B activation. Nature Immunol. 3, 830-835 (2002). [Online Journal]

O. Gaide, B. Favier, D. F. Legler, D. Bonnet, B. Brissoni, S. Valitutti, C. Bron, J. Tschopp, M. Thome, CARMA1 is a critical lipid raft-associated regulator of TCR-induced NF-{kappa}B activation. Nature Immunol. 3, 836-843 (2002). [Online Journal]

D. Wallach, Up the down staircase. Nature Immunol. 3, 802-803 (2002). [Online Journal]

Citation: Another Adaptor in the T Cell Receptor Orchestra: CARMA1. Sci. STKE 2002, tw336 (2002).


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