Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.


Sci. STKE, 1 February 2005
Vol. 2005, Issue 269, p. tw46
[DOI: 10.1126/stke.2692005tw46]

EDITORS' CHOICE

IMMUNOLOGY Autophagy and Antigen Presentation

One-third of all eluted major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II natural ligands are derived from endogenous cytosolic or nuclear proteins, but the underlying pathway has been difficult to pinpoint. EBNA1, the dominant CD4+ T cell antigen of the human oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), is the sole viral antigen present in all EBV-associated malignancies. Paludan et al. describe how autophagy, a process by which the cell degrades defunct cytosolic components in times of stress, leads to MHC class II processing and presentation of endogenous EBNA1. The viral protein was imported into lysosomes by autophagy where a subset of lysosomal proteases was responsible for EBNA1 degradation. Furthermore, inhibition of autophagy decreased target recognition by EBNA1-specific CD4+ T cell clones.

C. Paludan, D. Schmid, M. Landthaler, M. Vockerodt, D. Kube, T. Tuschl, C. Münz, Endogenous MHC class II processing of a viral nuclear antigen after autophagy. Science 307, 593-596 (2005). [Abstract] [Full Text]

Citation: Autophagy and Antigen Presentation. Sci. STKE 2005, tw46 (2005).


To Advertise     Find Products


Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882