Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.


Sci. STKE, 13 December 2005
Vol. 2005, Issue 314, p. tr28
[DOI: 10.1126/stke.3142005tr28]


Imaging Signal Transduction in Living Cells with Fluorescent Proteins

Mark R. Philips*

Departments of Medicine, Cell Biology and Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract: Until recently, studies in this field of signal transduction have involved the "what" and "when" of signaling. Who talks to whom and for how long? With the advent of genetically encoded fluorescent proteins, it has become possible to monitor signaling events in living cells in real time. This has added the dimension of "where" to the study of cellular signaling. This lecture, which is a part of "Cell Signaling Systems: A Course for Graduate Students," provides a survey of how green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged probes for signaling events have been used to elucidate new pathways, to describe the kinetics of signaling events at the single-cell level, and to reveal upon which subcellular compartments these events take place. Some of the findings confirm previous ones using biochemical techniques, and others have been surprising. Examples include those utilizing protein localization, relocalization, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The design of FRET probes is described. The detection of small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) signaling in living cells is used as an example to explore the creative and diverse ways investigators have developed to look at this system.

*Contact information. E-mail, philim01{at}

Citation: M. R. Philips, Imaging Signal Transduction in Living Cells with Fluorescent Proteins. Sci. STKE 2005, tr28 (2005).

Read the Full Text

To Advertise     Find Products

Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882