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Sci. STKE, 26 September 2006
Vol. 2006, Issue 354, p. tw332
[DOI: 10.1126/stke.3542006tw332]

EDITORS' CHOICE

Apoptosis Inhibition of PIP5K by Apoptotic Stresses

Nancy R. Gough

Science’s STKE, AAAS, Washington, DC 20005, USA

Peroxide or ultraviolet radiation triggered cell death and stimulated the translocation of a reporter of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] to the cytosol, indicating that PI(4,5)P2 was depleted in the cells. When overexpressed in HeLa cells, murine phosphatidylinositol phosphate 5 kinase {alpha} (PIP5K{alpha}, which is homologous to human PIP5Kß) prevented the decrease in PI(4,5)P2 abundance and increase in apoptosis caused by oxidative stress. Overexpression of PIP5K{alpha} was associated with an increase in extracellular signal–regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK activation sensitized cells to peroxide-induced apoptosis and prevented overexpressed PIP5K{alpha} from increasing cell survival. Peroxide transiently inhibited the activity of PIP5K; however, peroxide triggered a sustained translocation (lasting hours) of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged PIP5K{alpha} away from the plasma membrane to the cytosol, which would take the enzyme away from its substrate. Peroxide stimulated the tyrosine phosphorylation of PIP5K{alpha}, and this was prevented if the Src family of kinases was inhibited. The authors suggest that oxidative stress or ultraviolet radiation activates Src, which leads to the tyrosine phosphorylation of PIP5K{alpha} and translocation of the enzyme away from the plasma membrane and thereby prevents the regeneration of PI(4,5)P2, which is necessary for activation of survival signals mediated by the ERK pathway.

J. R. Halstead, J. van Rheenen, M. H. J. Snel, S. Meeuws, S. Mohammed, C. S. D’Santos, A. J. Heck, K. Jalink, N. Divecha, A role for PtdIns(4,5)P2 and PIP5K{alpha} in regulating stress-induced apoptosis. Curr. Biol. 16, 1850-1856 (2006). [Online Journal]

Citation: N. R. Gough, Inhibition of PIP5K by Apoptotic Stresses. Sci. STKE 2006, tw332 (2006).


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