Sci. STKE, 13 November 2007
mTOR Signaling Regulating the Regulators
L. Bryan Ray
Science, Sciences STKE, AAAS, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Growth factors and nutrients, particularly amino acids, regulate cell growth and proliferation in part through the serine-threonine protein kinase mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin). Activity of mTOR is regulated through the small guanosine triphosphatase Rheb (Ras homolog enriched in brain). Bai et al. (see the Perspective by Proud) reveal a mechanism by which Rheb could control activity of mTOR. The protein FKBP38 binds to mTOR and inhibits its kinase activity. Active GTP-bound Rheb can interact with FKBP38 and thereby free mTOR from inhibition. This process may represent a critical control mechanism whose altered function is associated with human diseases, including cancer.
Citation: L. B. Ray, Regulating the Regulators. Sci. STKE 2007, tw418 (2007).
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