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Sci. Signal., 2 March 2010
Vol. 3, Issue 111, p. ra15
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2000502]


Polycomb Group Proteins as Epigenetic Mediators of Neuroprotection in Ischemic Tolerance

Martha Stapels1*, Chelsea Piper2*, Tao Yang2{dagger}, Minghua Li2{dagger}, Cheri Stowell2,3{dagger}, Zhi-gang Xiong2{ddagger}, Julie Saugstad2{ddagger}, Roger P. Simon2§, Scott Geromanos1, James Langridge4, Jing-quan Lan2, and An Zhou2§

1 Waters Corporation, Milford, MA 01757, USA.
2 Robert S. Dow Neurobiology Laboratories, Legacy Research, Portland, OR 97232, USA.
3 Discoveries in Sight, Legacy Research, Portland, OR 97232, USA.
4 Waters Corporation, Manchester M22 5PP, UK.

* These authors contributed equally to this work as first authors.

{dagger} These authors contributed equally to this work as second authors.

{ddagger} These authors contributed equally to this work as third authors.

Abstract: Exposing the brain to sublethal ischemia affects the response to a subsequent, otherwise injurious ischemia, resulting in transcriptional suppression and neuroprotection, a response called ischemic tolerance. Here, we show that the proteomic signature of the ischemic-tolerant brain is characterized by increased abundance of transcriptional repressors, particularly polycomb group (PcG) proteins. Knocking down PcG proteins precluded the induction of ischemic tolerance, whereas in an in vitro model, overexpressing the PcG proteins SCMH1 or BMI1 induced tolerance to ischemia without preconditioning. We found that PcG proteins are associated with the promoter regions of genes encoding two potassium channel proteins that show decreased abundance in ischemic-tolerant brains. Furthermore, PcG proteins decreased potassium currents in cultured neuronal cells, and knocking down potassium channels elicited tolerance without preconditioning. These findings reveal a previously unknown mechanism of neuroprotection that involves gene repressors of the PcG family.

§ To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: azhou{at} (A.Z.) and rsimon{at} (R.P.S.).

Citation: M. Stapels, C. Piper, T. Yang, M. Li, C. Stowell, Z.-g. Xiong, J. Saugstad, R. P. Simon, S. Geromanos, J. Langridge, J.-q. Lan, A. Zhou, Polycomb Group Proteins as Epigenetic Mediators of Neuroprotection in Ischemic Tolerance. Sci. Signal. 3, ra15 (2010).

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