Sci. Signal., 26 April 2011
Development Cell Cycle Fertilization Trigger
L. Bryan Ray
Science, Science Signaling, AAAS, Washington, DC 20005, USA
A critical point of cell cycle control, with implications for reproduction, is the exit of oocytes from meiosis II, the stage at which oocytes arrest until they are fertilized. One mechanism that contributes to this process is proteolytic degradation of cyclin B and consequent inactivation of the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc2. Another mechanism for inhibiting activity of Cdc2 is phosphorylation by the protein kinase Wee1B. Oh et al. present evidence that this mechanism is also critical in mouse oocytes. Fertilization causes an increase in the intracellular concentration of free Ca2+, thus activating calcium-calmodulin–dependent protein kinase II, which in turn activates Wee1B.
Citation: L. B. Ray, Cell Cycle Fertilization Trigger. Sci. Signal. 4, ec121 (2011).
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