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Sci. Signal., 12 July 2011
Vol. 4, Issue 181, p. rs7
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2001656]

RESEARCH RESOURCES

Real-Time Imaging of Notch Activation with a Luciferase Complementation-Based Reporter

Ma. Xenia G. Ilagan1*, Sora Lim1, Mary Fulbright1, David Piwnica-Worms1,2,3, and Raphael Kopan1,3*

1 Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
2 Molecular Imaging Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
3 BRIGHT Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract: Notch signaling regulates many cellular processes during development and adult tissue renewal. Upon ligand binding, Notch receptors undergo ectodomain shedding followed by {gamma}-secretase–mediated release of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD), which translocates to the nucleus and associates with the DNA binding protein CSL [CBF1/RBPj{kappa}/Su(H)/Lag1] to activate gene expression. Mammalian cells contain four Notch receptors that can have both redundant and specific activities. To monitor activation of specific Notch paralogs in live cells and in real time, we developed luciferase complementation imaging (LCI) reporters for NICD-CSL association and validated them as a specific, robust, and sensitive assay system that enables structure-function and pharmacodynamic analyses. Detailed kinetic analyses of various mechanistic aspects of Notch signaling, including nuclear translocation and inhibition of the activities of {gamma}-secretase and ADAM metalloproteases, as well as agonist- and ligand-dependent activation, were conducted in live cells. These experiments showed that Notch-LCI is an effective approach for characterizing modulators that target Notch signaling and for studying pathway dynamics in normal and disease contexts.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ilaganmg{at}wustl.edu (M.X.G.I.); kopan{at}wustl.edu (R.K.)

Citation: M. X. G. Ilagan, S. Lim, M. Fulbright, D. Piwnica-Worms, R. Kopan, Real-Time Imaging of Notch Activation with a Luciferase Complementation-Based Reporter. Sci. Signal. 4, rs7 (2011).

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