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Sci. Signal., 21 February 2012
Vol. 5, Issue 212, p. ec59
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2002967]


Biochemistry A Lipid Sensing GPCR

Valda Vinson

Science, AAAS, Washington, DC 20005, USA

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid that binds to the G protein–coupled receptor S1P receptor subtype 1 (S1PR1) to activate signaling pathways involved in regulation of the vascular and immune systems. Hanson et al. determined the crystal structure of S1PR in complex with an antagonist sphingolipid mimic. Ligand access to the receptor from the extracellular milieu is occluded, and a gap between helices I and VII may provide ligand access from within the membrane. The structural information, together with mutagenesis and structure activity relationship data, provides insight into the molecular recognition events that modulate signaling.

M. A. Hanson, C. B. Roth, E. Jo, M. T. Griffith, F. L. Scott, G. Reinhart, H. Desale, B. Clemons, S. M. Cahalan, S. C. Schuerer, M. G. Sanna, G. W. Han, P. Kuhn, H. Rosen, R. C. Stevens, Crystal structure of a lipid G protein–coupled receptor. Science 335, 851–855 (2012). [Abstract] [Full Text]

Citation: V. Vinson, A Lipid Sensing GPCR. Sci. Signal. 5, ec59 (2012).

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