Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.


Sci. Signal., 19 February 2013
Vol. 6, Issue 263, p. ec48
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2004069]


Immunology DNA Sensing Is a (c)GAS

Kristen L. Mueller

Science Signaling, AAAS, Washington, DC 20005, USA

DNA is normally localized to the nucleus, so its cytoplasmic localization sends off alarm bells to the immune system because it indicates that a virus may have entered. But how does the immune system actually detect the DNA (see the Perspective by O’Neill)? Sun et al. identify cyclic guanosine monophosphate–adenosine monophosphate (cGAMP) synthase (cGAS), which can bind to cytoplasmic DNA directly and catalyze the production of cGAMP. cGAMP then acts as a second messenger to activate downstream signaling events that trigger antiviral immunity. Wu et al. show that cGAMP, produced in response to cytoplasmic DNA, binds to and activates the signaling adaptor protein STING.

L. Sun, J. Wu, F. Du, X. Chen, Z. J. Chen, Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase is a cytosolic DNA sensor that activates the type-I interferon pathway. Science 339, 786–791 (2013). [Abstract] [Full Text]

J. Wu, L. Sun, X. Chen, F. Du, H. Shi, C. Chen, Z. J. Chen, Cyclic GMP-AMP is an endogenous second messenger in innate immune signaling by cytosolic DNA. Science 339, 826–830 (2013). [Abstract] [Full Text]

L. A. J. O’Neill, Sensing the dark side of DNA. Science 339, 763–764 (2013). [Abstract] [Full Text]

Citation: K. L. Mueller, DNA Sensing Is a (c)GAS. Sci. Signal. 6, ec48 (2013).

To Advertise     Find Products

Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882