Sci. Signal., 16 April 2013
Charged Membranes (Animations)
Jack D. Thatcher*
Animation 1. Na,K ATPase. This animation illustrates how the Na+/K+-ATPase pump is used to store energy across plasma membranes by establishing an electrochemical gradient.
[Download Animation in FLASH format for PC] (link to the file called Na,K ATPase.swf)
[Download Animation for Mac] (link to the file called Na,K ATPase.zip)
Animation 2. ATP synthesizing complexes. This animation illustrates how ATP synthesizing complexes transfer energy from a charged membrane to ATP.
[Download Animation in FLASH format for PC] (link to the file called ATP Synthesizing Complexes.swf)
[Download Animation for Mac] (link to the file called ATP Synthesizing Complexes.zip)
Animation 3. Action potential. This FLASH animation illustrates how energy from a charged membrane is used to propagate signal along the axon of a neuron.
[Download Animation in FLASH format for PC] (link to the file called Action Potential.swf)
[Download Animation for Mac] (link to the file called Action Potential.zip)
To open the animations with a Windows operating system using Internet Explorer, follow these steps:
Format: FLASH animation
Size: 82 kb (Na,K ATPase.swf), 150 kb (Action Potential.swf), 465 kb (ATP Synthesizing Complexes.swf)
Requirements: Flash-enabled Web browser
Limits for Use
Rights: This material may be downloaded for noncommercial, course-teaching purposes only, provided credit to Science Signaling is included by listing the citation for the Teaching Resource.
Citation: J. D. Thatcher, Charged membranes. Sci. Signal. 6, tr6 (2013).
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