Note to users. If you're seeing this message, it means that your browser cannot find this page's style/presentation instructions -- or possibly that you are using a browser that does not support current Web standards. Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.


Sci. Signal., 28 September 2010
Vol. 3, Issue 141, p. ra71
[DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2000980]


Editor's Summary

Ligand-Induced Coupling
A long-standing question regarding the activation of heterotrimeric G proteins by G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) is whether the association between the GPCR and the G protein is stimulated by the binding of ligand to the receptor, or whether the receptor and G protein are precoupled. Xu et al. addressed this question by measuring the mobilities of fluorescent fusion proteins of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) receptor 1 (cAR1), a GPCR for the chemoattractant cAMP, and the Gβ subunit in live Dictyostelium cells. The receptor and G protein moved independently in the plasma membrane and at different speeds. Whereas exposure of cells to cAMP had no effect on the mobility of cAR1, the mobility of a fraction of the faster-moving G proteins was reduced. Together with computer simulations of the effects of various proposed receptor–G protein coupling mechanisms on downstream signaling, these data suggest that the interaction between cAR1 and its G protein does not occur until the receptor is bound to ligand, and provide a means for investigating the G protein–coupling mechanisms of other GPCRs.

Citation: X. Xu, T. Meckel, J. A. Brzostowski, J. Yan, M. Meier-Schellersheim, T. Jin, Coupling Mechanism of a GPCR and a Heterotrimeric G Protein During Chemoattractant Gradient Sensing in Dictyostelium. Sci. Signal. 3, ra71 (2010).

Read the Full Text

To Advertise     Find Products

Science Signaling. ISSN 1937-9145 (online), 1945-0877 (print). Pre-2008: Science's STKE. ISSN 1525-8882