PerspectiveCell Migration

Steering in Quadruplet: The Complex Signaling Pathways Directing Chemotaxis

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Sci. Signal.  03 Jun 2008:
Vol. 1, Issue 22, pp. pe26
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.122pe26

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Studies in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum reveal that signaling cascades coordinating chemotactic directional sensing and migration are complex, with redundant pathways emerging as cells differentiate. Lack of accumulation of the leading-edge marker phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate can be compensated by a pathway containing phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in early developed cells and guanylyl cyclase (GC) in later developed, polarized cells. Because numerous signaling networks operational during Dictyostelium chemotaxis are conserved in mammalian cells, PLA2 and GC pathways may also be effective in higher eukaryotes, providing avenues for future research.

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