Review

Bridging with GAPs: Receptor Communication Through RGS Proteins

Science's STKE  16 Oct 2001:
Vol. 2001, Issue 104, pp. re14
DOI: 10.1126/stke.2001.104.re14

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Abstract

The regulators of heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-binding protein (G protein) signaling (RGS proteins) were named for their ability to act as GTP-activating proteins (GAPs) for G proteins and, thus, limit the signal generated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). In addition to this characteristic biochemical trait, RGS proteins constitute a large family of structurally diverse proteins with variable sequence motifs that permit additional specific interactions. RGS proteins may also serve as a bridge from GPCRs to receptor tyrosine kinases or transmembrane channels, allowing signals from GPCRs to regulate signaling through other types of receptors, and vice versa.

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