The Cytokine Receptor gp130: Faithfully Promiscuous

Science's STKE  23 Sep 2003:
Vol. 2003, Issue 201, pp. pe40
DOI: 10.1126/stke.2003.201.pe40

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Diverse cytokines can signal through receptor complexes containing the gp130 subunit. These cytokines, which include interleukin (IL)-6, IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), oncostatin M (OSM), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), and CLC (cardiotrophin-like cytokine), are implicated in inflammatory and immune responses, heart development, and fertility. The gp130 receptor-ligand complexes are contrasted with the complex formed by erythropoietin (Epo) and its receptor, EpoR. Also discussed are insights provided by the structural analysis of IL-6, its α receptor (IL6Rα), and the signal transducer gp130 for understanding receptor-ligand assembly, for predicting the structures of ligand-receptor complexes of the other IL-6-type cytokines, and for rational drug design.

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