Perspective

From Cell Death to Neuronal Regeneration, Effects of the p75 Neurotrophin Receptor Depend on Interactions with Partner Subunits

STKE  01 Jun 2004:
Vol. 2004, Issue 235, pp. pe24
DOI: 10.1126/stke.2352004pe24

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Abstract

In the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS), growth of neuronal fibers is actively inhibited by myelin. The proteins myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgP), and Nogo-66 have been identified as inhibitory components present in CNS myelin. All three proteins exert their inhibitory activity by binding to a neuronal receptor complex containing the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) and the neurotrophin (NT) receptor p75NTR. In their recent publication, Mi et al. identify the novel protein Lingo-1 as an interactor of p75NTR and NgR. The Lingo-1-NgR-p75NTR complex is shown to confer the inhibitory effects on nerve cell regeneration of Nogo-66, OMgP, and MAG by activating the small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) RhoA. Together with the recent finding that p75NTR interacts with the transmembrane protein sortilin to form a different receptor complex with cell death-promoting activity, the results of Mi et al. indicate that p75NTR exerts its diverse cellular functions by associating with function-specific co-receptors.

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