PerspectiveCell Migration

Signals on the Move: Chemokine Receptors and Organogenesis in Zebrafish

Science's STKE  21 Aug 2007:
Vol. 2007, Issue 400, pp. pe45
DOI: 10.1126/stke.4002007pe45

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Abstract

The chemokine SDF1 (stromal cell–derived factor 1) directs cell migration in many different contexts, ranging from embryogenesis to inflammation. SDF1a is the guidance cue for the zebrafish lateral line primordium, a tissue that moves along the flank of the embryo and deposits cells that form mechanosensory organs. The SDF1a receptor CXCR4b acts in cells at the leading edge of the primordium to direct its migration. Two new studies show that a second SDF1 receptor, CXCR7, is required only in the trailing cells of the primordium, and they explore how these two receptors orchestrate migration of the primordium. CXCR4b and CXCR7 are expressed in complementary domains, possibly through mutual repression in which each receptor inhibits expression of the other. These studies illustrate how the entire primordium can respond to a single signal, yet generate cell type–specific responses by using different receptors.

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