Connections Map OverviewPlant biology

Arabidopsis Cytokinin Signaling Pathway

Science's STKE  09 Oct 2007:
Vol. 2007, Issue 407, pp. cm5
DOI: 10.1126/stke.4072007cm5

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text
As a service to the community, AAAS/Science has made this article free with registration.


Cytokinins are essential plant hormones that control cell division, shoot meristem initiation, leaf and root differentiation, vasculature patterning, chloroplast biogenesis, photomorphogenesis, fertility, seed development, senescence, and stress tolerance. The Arabidopsis cytokinin signal transduction pathway involves hybrid histidine protein kinases [AHK2, AHK3, and AHK4 (also known as CRE1or WOL)] as cytokinin receptors, histidine phosphotransfer proteins (AHPs), and nuclear response regulators (ARRs) that serve as transcriptional regulators. There are four major steps in the cytokinin phosphorelay: (i) AHK sensing and signaling, (ii) AHP nuclear translocation, (iii) ARR-dependent transcriptional activation, and (iv) a negative-feedback loop through cytokinin-inducible ARR gene products. Each step is executed by components encoded by multigene families. The effects of cytokinin depend on cell type, environment, and developmental stage. The response is frequently the outcome of interactions with other plant signaling pathways.

View Full Text