Research ArticleGPCR SIGNALING

A Polymorphism-Specific “Memory” Mechanism in the β2-Adrenergic Receptor

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Sci. Signal.  09 Aug 2011:
Vol. 4, Issue 185, pp. ra53
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2001681

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Signaling through G protein (heterotrimeric guanosine triphosphate–binding protein)–coupled receptors is affected by polymorphisms in receptor-encoding genes. Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer, we found that the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) responded to repeated activation with altered activation kinetics. Polymorphic variants of the β2AR displayed divergent changes of β2AR activation kinetics that closely mimicked their different efficacies to generate cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate. More efficacious variants became faster in their activation kinetics, whereas less efficacious variants became slower, compared to their initial activation. These differences depended on phosphorylation of the receptor by G protein–coupled receptor kinases. Our findings suggest an intrinsic, polymorphism-specific property of the β2AR that alters activation kinetics upon continued stimulation and that may account for individual drug responses.

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