PerspectiveCell Biology

The Akt DUBbed InAktive

Sci. Signal.  08 Jan 2013:
Vol. 6, Issue 257, pp. pe1
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2003864

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Akt is a central node in the phosphoinositide-3 kinase–Akt–mammalian target of rapamycin pathway and is activated by a multistep process in response to growth factor stimulation. An additional layer of posttranslational modification has emerged as a new paradigm in the regulation of Akt. The identification of an E3 ligase for Lys63-linked ubiquitination of Akt has now been complemented with the discovery of the tumor suppressor cylindromatosis as a deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) for Akt. Thus, like phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, cycles of ubiquitination and deubiquitination provide additional on-off switches that keep Akt activity in balance, and disturbances in this balance have pathological consequences.

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