Research ArticleCell Biology

Sterical Hindrance Promotes Selectivity of the Autophagy Cargo Receptor NDP52 for the Danger Receptor Galectin-8 in Antibacterial Autophagy

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Sci. Signal.  05 Feb 2013:
Vol. 6, Issue 261, pp. ra9
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2003730

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Autophagy, the process of lysosome-dependent degradation of cytosolic components, is a mechanism by which cells selectively engulf invading pathogens to protect themselves against infection. Galectin-8, a cytosolic protein with specificity for β-galactoside–containing glycans, binds endosomal and lysosomal membranes that have been damaged, for example, by pathogens, and selectively recruits the autophagy cargo receptor NDP52 to induce autophagy. We solved the crystal structure of the NDP52–galectin-8 complex to show how NDP52 exclusively binds galectin-8 and, consequently, why other galectins do not restrict the growth of Salmonella in human cells.

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