PerspectivePhysiology

Acetylation of Ets-1 Is the Key to Chromatin Remodeling for miR-192 Expression

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Sci. Signal.  04 Jun 2013:
Vol. 6, Issue 278, pp. pe21
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2004299

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Abstract

By regulating gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) play pivotal roles in physiological and pathological processes. However, the regulation of miRNAs is elusive. miR-192 is a key regulator of renal fibrosis and hypertrophy in diabetic nephropathy. Natarajan et al. showed that the miR-192 gene contains an upstream region with Ets-1 and Smad3 binding sites. In control cells, all Ets-1 sites were occupied, resulting in a locked chromatin structure that kept miR-192 expression low. In response to transforming growth factor–β (TGF-β) stimulation, Smad3 and Akt were activated, and the latter further activated p300 to induce partial acetylation and dissociation of Ets-1 and the recruitment of Smad3 to the miR-192 gene, inducing transient miR-192 expression. During prolonged TGF-β treatment, p300 acetylated histone and Ets-1, resulting in complete dissociation of Ets-1 and the opening of the chromatin for sustained miR-192 expression. Thus, transcription factors and chromatin remodeling control microRNA gene expression in a dynamic, coordinated fashion.

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