Research ArticleCell Biology

A Cancer-Associated Mutation in Atypical Protein Kinase Cι Occurs in a Substrate-Specific Recruitment Motif

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Sci. Signal.  17 Sep 2013:
Vol. 6, Issue 293, pp. ra82
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2004068

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Atypical protein kinase Cι (PKCι) has roles in cell growth, cellular polarity, and migration, and its abundance is frequently increased in cancer. We identified a protein interaction surface containing a dibasic motif (RIPR) that bound a distinct subset of PKCι substrates including lethal giant larvae 2 (LLGL2) and myosin X, but not other substrates such as Par3. Further characterization demonstrated that Arg471 in this motif was important for binding to LLGL2, whereas Arg474 was critical for interaction with myosin X, indicating that multiple complexes could be formed through this motif. A somatic mutation of the dibasic motif (R471C) was the most frequent mutation of PKCι in human cancer, and the intact dibasic motif was required for normal polarized epithelial morphogenesis in three-dimensional cysts. Thus, the R471C substitution is a change-of-function mutation acting at this substrate-specific recruitment site to selectively disrupt the polarizing activity of PKCι.

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