Editors' ChoiceImmunology

L[i]nc to Dendritic Cell Activation

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Sci. Signal.  22 Apr 2014:
Vol. 7, Issue 322, pp. ec109
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2005399

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression, but whether they are important regulators of the immune system is poorly understood. Wang et al. identify a lncRNA expressed exclusively in human dendritic cells (DC), called lnc-DC, that is required for optimal DC differentiation from human monocytes and that regulates DC activation of T cells. Lnc-DC interacts with the transcription factor STAT3, which is also required for DC development and function, to prevent interaction with and to block dephosphorylation by tyrosine phosphatase SHP1.

P. Wang, Y. Xue, Y. Han, L. Lin, C. Wu, S. Xu, Z. Jiang, J. Xu, Q. Liu, X. Cao, The STAT3-binding long noncoding RNA lnc-DC controls human dendritic cell differentiation. Science 344, 310–313 (2014). [Abstract] [Full Text]