Research ArticleImmunology

HSP70 mediates degradation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor κB to inhibit inflammatory signaling

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Sci. Signal.  16 Dec 2014:
Vol. 7, Issue 356, pp. ra119
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2005533

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The nuclear PDZ-LIM domain protein PDLIM2 acts as a ubiquitin E3 ligase that targets the p65 subunit of the transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) for degradation, thus preventing excessive inflammatory responses. We found that the chaperone protein HSP70 (heat shock protein of 70 kD) was required for the PDLIM2-mediated degradation of p65 and suppression of NF-κB signaling in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)–treated dendritic cells. In response to LPS, HSP70 translocated to the nucleus where it associated with PDLIM2 and the proteasome-associated protein BAG-1 (BCL2-associated athanogene 1) and promoted the transport of the NF-κB–PDLIM2 complex to the proteasome, thereby facilitating the degradation of p65. Consistent with these data, mouse dendritic cells deficient in either HSP70 or BAG-1 had more nuclear p65 and produced more proinflammatory cytokines than did wild-type dendritic cells. Furthermore, HSP70-deficient mice had more sustained inflammatory responses to bacterial infection than did wild-type mice. These data suggest that in addition to acting as a chaperone during protein folding, HSP70 plays a role in inhibiting proinflammatory NF-κB signaling by acting as a bridge between a ubiquitin E3 ligase and the proteasome.

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