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State Transitions--a Question of Balance

Science, 7 March 2003
Vol. 299, Issue 5612, p. 1530-1532
DOI: 10.1126/science.1082833

State Transitions--a Question of Balance

  1. John F. Allen*
  1. The author is in the Department of Plant Biochemistry, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Box 124, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. E-mail: john.allen{at}


Plant biologists have struggled for decades to identify a crucial kinase that orchestrates the transition of the photosynthetic machinery from state 1 to state 2, an energy conserving-process designed to maximize the light conditions. In his Perspective, Allen reveals the identity this kinase and the mechanism by which it controls transitions ( Depège et al.).


J. F. Allen, State Transitions--a Question of Balance. Science 299, 1530-1532 (2003).

Identification of biochemical association of phycobilisome with photosystems in cyanobacterial state transition
J. Zhao, L. Chen, F. Gao, Q. Wang, Z. Qiu, and W. Ma
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin 46, 911-916 (1 October 2014)

Unequal Allocation of Excitation Energy between Photosystem II and I Reduces Cyanolichen Photosynthesis in Blue Light
K. A. Solhaug, L. Xie, and Y. Gauslaa
Plant Cell Physiol 55, 1404-1414 (1 August 2014)

Isochorismate synthase 1 is required for thylakoid organization, optimal plastoquinone redox status, and state transitions in Arabidopsis thaliana
L. Xie, and Y. Gauslaa
J Exp Bot 64, 3669-3679 (1 September 2013)

Molecular Architecture of Plant Thylakoids under Physiological and Light Stress Conditions: A Study of Lipid-Light-Harvesting Complex II Model Membranes
E. Janik, J. Bednarska, M. Zubik, M. Puzio, R. Luchowski, W. Grudzinski, R. Mazur, M. Garstka, W. Maksymiec, A. Kulik et al.
Plant Cell 25, 2155-2170 (1 June 2013)

Steady-State Phosphorylation of Light-Harvesting Complex II Proteins Preserves Photosystem I under Fluctuating White Light
M. Grieco, M. Tikkanen, V. Paakkarinen, S. Kangasjarvi, and E.-M. Aro
Plant Physiol. 160, 1896-1910 (1 December 2012)

Photosystem II Supercomplex Remodeling Serves as an Entry Mechanism for State Transitions in Arabidopsis
L. Dietzel, K. Brautigam, S. Steiner, K. Schuffler, B. Lepetit, B. Grimm, M. A. Schottler, and T. Pfannschmidt
Plant Cell 23, 2964-2977 (1 August 2011)

Reversible membrane reorganizations during photosynthesis in vivo: revealed by small-angle neutron scattering
G. Nagy, D. Posselt, L. Kovacs, J. K. Holm, M. Szabo, B. Ughy, L. Rosta, J. Peters, P. Timmins, G. Garab et al.
Biochem. J. 436, 225-230 (1 June 2011)

Light-driven regulatory mechanisms in the photosynthetic antenna complex LHCII
W. I. Gruszecki, D. Posselt, L. Kovacs, J. K. Holm, M. Szabo, B. Ughy, L. Rosta, J. Peters, P. Timmins, G. Garab et al.
Biochm. Soc. Trans. 38, 702-704 (1 April 2010)

A Systems-Level Analysis of the Effects of Light Quality on the Metabolism of a Cyanobacterium
A. K. Singh, M. Bhattacharyya-Pakrasi, T. Elvitigala, B. Ghosh, R. Aurora, and H. B. Pakrasi
Plant Physiol. 151, 1596-1608 (1 November 2009)

Multiple Rieske Proteins Enable Short- and Long-term Light Adaptation of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
Y. Tsunoyama, G. Bernat, N. G. Dyczmons, D. Schneider, and M. Rogner
J Biol Chem 284, 27875-27883 (9 October 2009)

The Photosystem II Light-Harvesting Protein Lhcb3 Affects the Macrostructure of Photosystem II and the Rate of State Transitions in Arabidopsis
J. T. Damkjaer, S. Kereiche, M. P. Johnson, L. Kovacs, A. Z. Kiss, E. J. Boekema, A. V. Ruban, P. Horton, and S. Jansson
Plant Cell 21, 3245-3256 (1 October 2009)

Characterizing chloroplast sensor kinase
I. M. Ibrahim, S. Kereiche, M. P. Johnson, L. Kovacs, A. Z. Kiss, E. J. Boekema, A. V. Ruban, P. Horton, and S. Jansson
Bioscience Horizons 2, 191-196 (1 June 2009)

Structural Organization of Photosynthetic Apparatus in Agranal Chloroplasts of Maize
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J Biol Chem 283, 26037-26046 (19 September 2008)

The Mobile Thylakoid Phosphoprotein TSP9 Interacts with the Light-harvesting Complex II and the Peripheries of Both Photosystems
M. Hansson, T. Dupuis, R. Stromquist, B. Andersson, A. V. Vener, and I. Carlberg
J Biol Chem 282, 16214-16222 (1 June 2007)

Environmentally Modulated Phosphoproteome of Photosynthetic Membranes in the Green Alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
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MCP 5, 1412-1425 (1 August 2006)

STN8 Protein Kinase in Arabidopsis thaliana Is Specific in Phosphorylation of Photosystem II Core Proteins
J. P. Vainonen, M. Hansson, and A. V. Vener
J Biol Chem 280, 33679-33686 (30 September 2005)

Diffusion of light-harvesting complex II in the thylakoid membranes
E. Consoli, R. Croce, D. D. Dunlap, and L. Finzi
EMBO Rep. 6, 782-786 (1 August 2005)

Localization of the N-terminal Domain in Light-harvesting Chlorophyll a/b Protein by EPR Measurements
G. Jeschke, A. Bender, T. Schweikardt, G. Panek, H. Decker, and H. Paulsen
J Biol Chem 280, 18623-18630 (13 May 2005)

Light-harvesting Complex II Binds to Several Small Subunits of Photosystem I
S. Zhang, and H. V. Scheller
J Biol Chem 279, 3180-3187 (30 January 2004)

Identification of Three Previously Unknown in Vivo Protein Phosphorylation Sites in Thylakoid Membranes of Arabidopsis thaliana
M. Hansson, and A. V. Vener
MCP 2, 550-559 (1 August 2003)

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