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FKF1 F-Box Protein Mediates Cyclic Degradation of a Repressor of CONSTANS in Arabidopsis

Science, 8 July 2005
Vol. 309, Issue 5732, p. 293-297
DOI: 10.1126/science.1110586

FKF1 F-Box Protein Mediates Cyclic Degradation of a Repressor of CONSTANS in Arabidopsis

  1. Takato Imaizumi,
  2. Thomas F. Schultz,
  3. Frank G. Harmon,
  4. Lindsey A. Ho,
  5. Steve A. Kay*
  1. Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
  1. * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: stevek{at}


The temporal control of CONSTANS (CO) expression and activity is a key mechanism in photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis. FLAVIN-BINDING, KELCH REPEAT, F-BOX 1 (FKF1) protein regulates CO transcription, although the molecular mechanism is unknown. We demonstrate here that FKF1 controls the stability of a Dof transcription factor, CYCLING DOF FACTOR 1 (CDF1). FKF1 physically interacts with CDF1, and CDF1 protein is more stable in fkf1 mutants. Plants with elevated levels of CDF1 flower late and have reduced expression of CO. CDF1 and CO are expressed in the same tissues, and CDF1 binds to the CO promoter. Thus, FKF1 controls daily CO expression in part by degrading CDF1, a repressor of CO transcription.

  • Received for publication 2 February 2005.
  • Accepted for publication 12 May 2005.


T. Imaizumi, T. F. Schultz, F. G. Harmon, L. A. Ho, and S. A. Kay, FKF1 F-Box Protein Mediates Cyclic Degradation of a Repressor of CONSTANS in Arabidopsis. Science 309, 293-297 (2005).

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