Research ArticleNeuroscience

KCNQ1, KCNE2, and Na+-Coupled Solute Transporters Form Reciprocally Regulating Complexes That Affect Neuronal Excitability

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Science Signaling  04 Mar 2014:
Vol. 7, Issue 315, pp. ra22
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2005025

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Stopping Seizures

The activity of potassium channels limits neuronal excitability, and mutations in the regulatory subunit (KCNE2), which promotes the activity of the potassium-conducting pore (KCNQ1), are associated with increased seizure susceptibility. Abbott et al. found that SMIT1, which transports the molecule myo-inositol, associated with KCNQ1 or KCNQ1-KCNE2 complexes. When complexed with KCNE2, KCNQ1 is constitutively active. SMIT1 activity was increased in the presence of KCNQ1 but was inhibited in the presence of KCNQ1-KCNE2. SMIT1 increased the activity of both KCNQ1 and KCNQ1-KCNE2 complexes. The increased seizure activity of mice deficient in KCNE2 was attenuated by administration of myo-inositol, suggesting that a decrease in SMIT1 activity or alterations in the activity of these molecular complexes may contribute to seizure susceptibility.

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