Research ArticleCancer

Memo Is a Copper-Dependent Redox Protein with an Essential Role in Migration and Metastasis

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Science Signaling  10 Jun 2014:
Vol. 7, Issue 329, pp. ra56
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2004870

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Memo is an evolutionarily conserved protein with a critical role in cell motility. We found that Memo was required for migration and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and spontaneous lung metastasis from breast cancer cell xenografts in vivo. Biochemical assays revealed that Memo is a copper-dependent redox enzyme that promoted a more oxidized intracellular milieu and stimulated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cellular structures involved in migration. Memo was also required for the sustained production of the ROS O2 by NADPH (reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase 1 (NOX1) in breast cancer cells. Memo abundance was increased in >40% of the primary breast tumors tested, was correlated with clinical parameters of aggressive disease, and was an independent prognostic factor of early distant metastasis.

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