Research ArticleGPCR SIGNALING

Allosteric signaling through an mGlu2 and 5-HT2A heteromeric receptor complex and its potential contribution to schizophrenia

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Science Signaling  12 Jan 2016:
Vol. 9, Issue 410, pp. ra5
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aab0467

One to bind, one to signal

In addition to forming homodimers and heterodimers, G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) can form multiprotein complexes (heteromers) with other GPCRs. For example, the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu2, which couples to Gi/o proteins, and the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor, which couples to Gq/11, form heteromeric complexes. Moreno et al. performed a structure-function analysis to determine the signaling properties of these heteromers. Stimulation of cells expressing mGlu2–5-HT2A heteromers with an mGlu2 agonist led to Gq/11-dependent signaling by 5-HT2A, a response lacking in cells from 5-HT2A–deficient mice. Furthermore, the analysis of postmortem brains of schizophrenia patients indicated less mGlu2-dependent Gq/11 signaling compared to that in normal brains, suggesting that these heteromeric complexes may be dysregulated in disease.

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